| UNAVCO
 


Knowledge Base

The Effect of Antenna Covers On GPS Baseline Solutions (1997)

The Effect of Antenna Covers On GPS Baseline Solutions

J. Braun, B. Stephens, O. Ruud and C. Meertens
University NAVSTAR Consortium, Boulder, CO

Abstract

With the increasing number of permanent GPS monuments being deployed, many investigators are adding covers over antennas to prevent snow accumulation, reduce the amount of wear on antennas, and discourage animals from disturbing the antenna. UNAVCO has tested some of these covers and has designed a model that minimizes their effect on baseline estimation.

From the tests presented here, it is shown that antenna covers cause an additional delay on the GPS signal that effects the height component of a GPS baseline solution. The errors introduced can change baseline height solutions between 2 mm and 40 mm depending on the cover type, the antenna type, and the elevation cutoff angle used for data processing. Of the two shapes of antenna covers tested, the ones with a conical shape have the largest effect. Covers shaped like a hemispherical dome have a smaller effect, especially when they are mounted so that the antennas’s mean phase center is positioned in the center of the cover. The thickness of the cover is also important. The thinner the cover, the smaller the effect. Finally, there does appear to be an effect caused by the material used to make the cover, but this has the smallest effect of all the variables described above.

The results from these tests also show that the mounting apparatus of the cover can also have an effect on the phase center of an antenna. In particular, mounting the cover on a metal base plate will drastically increase the near field reflections around the antenna, [Elosegui et al., 1995] causing errors of up to 10 mm in the baseline height solution.

While not seen in these tests, results from continuous networks in Scandinavia show that antenna covers can cause up to a 10 mm level effect in the horizontal baseline components (Jim Davis, personal communication, 1996).


[See attached .pdf file for more.]

Attached Files (1)
Comments
There are no comments for this article. Be the first to post a comment.
Name
Email
Security Code Security Code
Related Articles RSS Feed
Preliminary Report on Data Quality with a Trimble 5700 GPS Receiver and an Ashtech Choke Ring Antenna (2002)
Viewed 4856 times since Wed, Dec 3, 2008
The Role of Multipath in Antenna Height Tests at Table Mountain (paper, 1995)
Viewed 2907 times since Wed, Mar 24, 2010
GNSS Antenna Signal to Noise Comparison
Viewed 44255 times since Wed, Nov 26, 2014
UNAVCO testing of the SCIGN radome (2001)
Viewed 4351 times since Wed, Mar 24, 2010
Trimble Choke Ring Antenna Mean Phase Center Calibration (1996)
Viewed 5558 times since Fri, Oct 31, 2008
GNSS Antenna Sensitivity to Site Dependent Error Sources
Viewed 85925 times since Thu, Jan 31, 2013
An Improved GPS Geodetic Antenna (1996)
Viewed 3000 times since Wed, Mar 24, 2010
1995 UNAVCO Antenna Height Tests
Viewed 3013 times since Wed, Mar 24, 2010
Iridium & GPS/GNSS Inteference from Iridium Data Transmitters
Viewed 19339 times since Mon, Oct 24, 2011
Ashtech and Trimble Choke Ring SNR Analysis (2001)
Viewed 8053 times since Wed, Mar 24, 2010
MENU
 

Last modified: 2019-12-27  16:36:35  America/Denver